Friday, May 22, 2020

Citibank Indonesia - 1224 Words

Case 1: Citibank Indonesia 1. Citibank’s budgeting process is based on a bottom-up method. It is not compromised of specific goals to be attained by individual operating units, but is composed for the corporation as a whole. Citibank was aiming for long-term goals, which call for profit growth of 12-15% per year, 1.25% return on assets, and 20% return on equity. These standards are set for the entire company, and individual sectors, such as international branches, usually set their own higher goals because they expect to exceed the norms. Headquarters send out budget instructions mid-year with all the financial information from January through June. It is the operating manager’s job to prepare a forecast for the remaining period of the†¦show more content†¦One is just to accept the changes and increase the budget. He would have to adapt to the new budget realizing the risks associated have to be taken. Another possibility is to reduce to a minimum Citibank’s loans to government or private enterprises because of lower returns. Also, he could increase the loan amounts given to commercial enterprises to boost profits. Mr. Mistri could talk with Mr. Gibson and negotiate a better budget based on further information of the current conditions. Last option would be to reject the proposed budget and continue pursuing the current budget. This method may cause problems between management and is not favorable. 4. Mr. Gibson needs to set up meetings among subordinate managers and take into consideration more factors, such as sovereign and return risks, market conditions, and employee turnover ratios, to appropriately allocate the $4 million. Managers need to communicate at all levels in order gain insight of all the aspects of the situation through several discussions and negotiations. Mr. Mistri and other country managers should be been given a chance to give their feedback on the newly purposed budget. In this way, a more informative budget can be processed that better represents future expectations of the company that has its own unique situations. Mr. Gibson could better allocate the budgeting objectives between the countries by evaluating and incorporating sovereign and return risksShow MoreRelatedShould Citibank Launch The Card Product? Why Or Why Not?1239 Words   |  5 Pages1-) Should Citibank launch the card product? Why or why not? Citibank has established its consumer business in Asia over a period of eleven years and they have projected themselves in fifteen different countries as a prestigious, consumer oriented international bank and also as the undisputed leader in most marketplaces. Rana Talwar, the head of Citibank’s Asia Pacific Consumer Bank is now considering if they should launch a new product, which is a credit card (1). This is a great idea and I believeRead MoreInternship Report on Citi Bank11361 Words   |  46 Pagesnews about Citi bank Bibliography INTRODUCTION TO CITI BANK Citibank is a major international bank, founded in 1812 as the City Bank of New York, later First National City Bank of New York. Citibank is now the consumer and corporate banking arm of financial services giant Citigroup, one of the largest companies in the world. As of March 2007, it is the largest bank in the United States by holdings. Citibank has operations in more than 100 countries and territories around the worldRead MoreCitibank: Launching the Credit Card1495 Words   |  6 Pagesmarketing strategy/customized offerings; Focus on customer service; • Enter Australia, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Taiwan, Malaysia, India, and Indonesia; Further develop Hong Kong market; Enter Korea Ââ€" whenever regulations allow it. • Use different appeals/ value prepositions: in India, Indonesia, Taiwan, Thailand, Malaysia emphasize status; target upper and upper-middle class; use Citibank and Dinners database to qualify customers and minimize credit risk; create strategic allianceRead MoreCitibank: Launching the Credit Card in Asia Pacific1087 Words   |  5 PagesCitibank: Launching the Credit Card in Asia Pacific Citigroup is an American multinational financial services company based in New York City. Citigroup was formed from one of the world s largest mergers in history by combining the banking giant Citicorp and financial conglomerate Travelers Group. Nowadays is one of the world’s largest banks. In 2010 was in 22nd position worldwide, ranked on its total assets. Finally, it has the world s largest financial services network, spanning 140 countriesRead MoreShared Values1926 Words   |  8 PagesBusiness Policy Assignment: â€Å"Creating Shared Value† CITIBANK amp; HSBC 9/26/2013 D Siddhartha Reddy-014 PGDM-Finance Executive Summary How to reinvent capitalism and unleash a wave of innovation and growth by Michael Porter and Mark Kramer Shared Value is a new form of capitalism. The idea of shared value was initially explored by the authors in December 2006 HBR. Shared value is  not  social responsibility, philanthropy, or even sustainability, but a new way to achieve economic successRead MoreIndonesia Is An Archipelago Nation Consisting Of More Than1591 Words   |  7 PagesIndonesia is an archipelago nation consisting of more than 17,000 individual islands. Located primarily in Southeast Asia between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean with some territories located in Oceania. The total area of Indonesia is approximately 1.9 million km2, with a coastline of 81,000 km (CIA 2017). Located in the equatorial zone, Indonesia possesses a Tropical Climate. Weather and climate-related disasters can be common in Indonesia, including occasional floods, droughts, and tsunamisRead MoreCitibank: Launching Credit Card in Asia Pacific1707 Words   |  7 PagesCitibank: Launching the Credit Card in Asia Pacific 1.0 Launching the Credit Card in Asia Pacific Region Citibank should launch the card product in Asia for several reasons. Firstly, Citibank can ride on the rapid economic development in the region via credit card products. Secondly, it is also an excellent way to overcome distribution limitations imposed on foreign banks in the region. Thirdly, it allows Citibank to expand its customer base from the upper income segment to include the rapidlyRead MoreCitibank: Launching Credit Card in Asia Pacific1721 Words   |  7 PagesCitibank: Launching the Credit Card in Asia Pacific 1.0 Launching the Credit Card in Asia Pacific Region Citibank should launch the card product in Asia for several reasons. Firstly, Citibank can ride on the rapid economic development in the region via credit card products. Secondly, it is also an excellent way to overcome distribution limitations imposed on foreign banks in the region. Thirdly, it allows Citibank to expand its customer base from the upper income segment to include the rapidlyRead MoreCitibank Case Analysis Essay1934 Words   |  8 PagesCitibank: Launching the Credit Card in Asia Pacific 45-720 Marketing Management Marc Brands Masatoshi Kaneko Oscar Lehmann Shu Yagi Juan Zatarain January 23, 2003 Executive Summary We recommend in the first phase to expand the credit card business into India, the Philippines, Taiwan and Thailand. These are fairly stable untapped markets. Our strategy is to focus generally on the high status groups in these markets. The cards should be issued in the localRead MoreMicroeconomic1745 Words   |  7 Pagesinterface which attracts many internet users to book their flights online. 2. Competitors The main competitors of AirAsia are low cost airlines such as Jetstar, Tiger, Virgin and other regional airlines such as Vietnam airline, Malaysia airline, Indonesia airlines and Singapore airline. Although, the competitions are identified from three main approaches which are the competition within business desire, the competition in low cost format, and the competition between low cost carriers (Airline Industry

Thursday, May 7, 2020

The Black Death Is The Murderer Of Millions - 1312 Words

Logan Jolicoeur Ms. Gillam English 1 Honors 24 March 2016 The Black Death The Black Death, which was the murderer of millions. People in the 1300’s were dying from a virus, that made them feel like they were in a nightmare. The Bubonic plague killed over â…“ of the European population, which was twenty million people, just in the first few years of the plague hitting Europe. Historians witnessing the plague describe it as horrific, disturbing, and a punishment from God. The Bubonic plague, or Black death, was the most devastating pandemics in human history causing the deaths of millions, losing valuable information, technology and people, increasing the knowledge of medical science and changing of society. The origins of the Black Death can be traced back to the Gobi desert in the 1320’s. No one really knows the sudden eruption of the plague, however from the desert it spread in all directions. One direction of great importance was going east towards China. China had started to suffer the Black Death during the 1330’s, this time is significant because amidst the High middle ages, trade expansion was going great, strengthening trade with Europe and Asia. With trade, ships were a key factor in spreading the disease between the continents. The rats carrying the disease known as bacterium Yersinia Pestis on the ships. These â€Å"death ships† arrived in 1347 in the Sicilian port of Messina, after a protracted amount of time sailing the Black Sea, when the people came to greet them, allShow MoreRelatedEssay about The Death Penalty1700 Words   |  7 Pages The death penalty is a very controversial subject. I think that we should use the death penalty instead of placing murderers, rapists, and people who commit treason in prison or letting them out on parol. People that commit the most heinous of crimes should receive the most heinous of consequences. Isnt that just the most fair way to deal with those offenders of the law? From 1930, the first year of which statistics are readily available from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, to 1967Read More The Death Penalty is Cruel and Unusual Punishment Essay examples1331 Words   |  6 PagesThe death penalty does not punish people for killing but for murdering someone. Murder is the unlawful, malicious, or permitted killing of one human being by another (Carmical 1). The slogan should be ?We execute people to show people that murder is wrong.? The death penalty is racist, it punishes the poor, it causes the innocent to die, it is not a deterrent against violent crime, and it is cruel and unusual punishment. The death penalty is wrong and it should be abolished. The death penaltyRead MoreEssay on The Death Penalty1400 Words   |  6 PagesCaught, you could be, electrocuted, gassed, or lethally injected? I highly doubt it. So what is it that is running through your mind? Do you honestly think you can murder or rape some innocent person and get away with it? I don’t think so. I feel the death penalty is a great concept. My philosophy is, why should someone that murdered an innocent human being still be able to breathe, while his or her victim cannot? Life without parole is a good idea, but that person is still getting the chance to breatheRead MoreEssay on Death Penalty1584 Words   |  7 Pagescontroversial topics in America today is the death penalty. Four thousands of years the death penalty has been used all over the world. In the earlier centuries the townsmen would hang people if they were accused as being a witch, but they were not witches at all. They merely knew a little more information than the next person. They were wro ngly accused, and that is why I see the death penalty as immoral, unethical and just wrong! People were put to death for no reason; they were accused because thereRead MoreCapital Punishment is an Appropriate Penalty For Murder Essay1451 Words   |  6 PagesLegal professor Ernest van den Haag believes that the death penalty is the good as in a punishment for terrible crimes that are committed. On the other hand professor of philosophy Hugo Adam Bedau thinks that the death penalty is not appropriate, do to it takes the lives of people that can not afford a good defense. I would have to agree with Ernest van den Haag. When a person commits a serious crime like murder, the only fitting penalty is death. Maldistribution inheres no more in capital punishmentRead More Death Penalty as an Effective Method of Punishment Essay1676 Words   |  7 PagesDeath Penalty as an Effective Method of Punishment An issue that has continually created tension in todays society is whether the death penalty serves as a justified and valid form of punishment. Whenever the word death penalty comes up, extremists from both sides start yelling out their arguments. One side says deterrence, the other side says theres a potential of executing an innocent man; one says justice, retribution, and punishment; the other side says execution is murder. CrimeRead MoreIn Cold Blood: Death Penalty1413 Words   |  6 PagesIn Cold Blood: Death Penalty Capital Punishment has been part of the criminal justice system since the earliest of times. The Babylonian Hammurabi Code(ca. 1700 B.C.) decreed death for crimes as minor as the fraudulent sale of beer(Flanders 3). Egyptians could be put to death for disclosing the location of sacred burial sites(Flanders 3). However, in recent times opponents have shown the death penalty to be racist, barbaric, and in violation with the United States Constitution as ...cruelRead MoreEssay on Capital Punishment1121 Words   |  5 PagesThis essay will reveal some of my personal reasons why as well as reasons we should support capital punishment in the United States. According to www.Derechos.net, â€Å"Capital punishment is the execution of a criminal pursuant to a sentence of death imposed by a competent court.† Meaning, the court decides if the criminal gets to be killed. Well it wasn’t always like that. There was a time long ago where even in religious beliefs stated that â€Å"Whoever sheds man’s blood, by man his blood willRead MoreBlack Man Who Was Suspected As The Killer Of A White Off Duty Police Officer Essay1726 Words   |  7 PagesTroy Davis, a black man who was suspected as the killer of a white off-duty police officer, was executed in 2011 with insufficient evidence in the state of Georgia (Bedau). There was no physical evidence or weapon presented in the prosecution and so they had to base their judgement all from eyewitness (Bedau). His execution raised an â€Å"international outcry† due to seven out of nine eyewitnesses contradicted their trial testimony and many of them confessed that they felt pressured or threatened byRead More The Death Penalty is Wrong Essay1057 Words   |  5 Pagesnbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The death penalty is absolutely outrageous. There is no real reason that the government should feel that it has the right to execute people. Capital punishment is murder just as much as the people being executed murdered. The is no need for the death penalty and it needs to be abolished. It goes against the Constitution which states that there will be no cruel and unusual punishment. There is nothing crueler than killing a person. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;A perfect example of the death penalty

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Lottery Free Essays

The title of the story suggests a positive outcome. But upon reading the first couple of paragraphs, we see that a different plot is coming together. Outline 1. We will write a custom essay sample on The Lottery or any similar topic only for you Order Now Many people gathered. a. Three hundred people b. Small town. 2. Children a. Gathering Stones b. Summertime c. Talked of school and teachers 3. Adults gathering a. Men began to show up b. Women then came, stood by husbands 4. Black box a. What was it for? b. Why were slips of paper in the box? 5. Past Lotteries’ a. What were the Lotteries’ for? b. Lots of talk on how the Lotteries’ were in the past. 6. Mr. Summers a. Official over the Lottery b. Also the Postmaster 7. Drawing of the slips of paper a. Whispers through the crowd. b. No one wants it to be him or her. c. Claims of no fairness 8. Black dot on paper a. What does dot symbolize? b. What is the dot for? 9. Stoning of the person a. Why do they stone the person with the black dot? b. What is the purpose of this ritual? The Rocking Horse Winner As little boy overwhelmed with the financial situation within his family, turns to his rocking horse to get the winners of the horse races in the local town for luck. Outline 1. Mother a. No love for children b. No luck c. Seen as a great mother 2. Home a. Anxiety in the home b. Screamed out need more money 3. Paul a. Wondered why there was no luck? b. Asked mother about luck c. Searched for clues about luck himself d, Why did he die? What did he die from? 4. Bassett a. Who is Bassett? b. Friend, cousin, imaginary. 5. Uncle Oscar a. Genuine or deceitful b. Why is he interested in Paul’s comments? 6. Rocking Horse a. What was special about the rocking horse? b. Did it have magic powers? c. Did Paul have a disability that allowed him to think differently? d. How did Paul get the names of the Horses that would win from his rocking horse? How to cite The Lottery, Essay examples The Lottery Free Essays Lisa Marie Shade Prof. Dunn ENG 102-110 August 9, 2012 The Plot Thickens- In Shirley Jackson’s â€Å"The Lottery†. A good harvest has always been vital to civilizations. We will write a custom essay sample on The Lottery or any similar topic only for you Order Now After the fields have been prepared and the seeds sown, the farmer can only wait and hope that the proper balance of rain and sun will ensure a good harvest. From this hope springs ritual. Many ancient cultures believed that growing crops represented the life cycle, beginning with what one associates with the end–death. Seeds buried, apparently without hope of germination, represent death. But with the life forces of water and the sun, the seed grows, representing rebirth. Consequently, ancient peoples began sacrificial rituals to emulate this resurrection cycle. What began as a vegetation ritual developed into a cathartic cleansing of an entire tribe or village. By transferring one’s sins to persons or animals and then sacrificing them, people believed that their sins would be eliminated, a process that has been termed the â€Å"scapegoat† archetype. In her short story â€Å"The Lottery,† Shirley Jackson uses this archetype to build on man’s inherent need for such ritual. To visit upon the scapegoat the cruelties, that most of us seem to have dammed up within us and explores â€Å"the general psychological basis for such cruelty, showing how we tend to ignore misfortunes unless we ourselves are their victims. The Lottery’s [sic. ] then, deals indeed with live issues and with issues relevant to our time. Jackson’s realism makes the final terror and shock more effective and also reinforces our sense of the awful doubleness of the human spirit—a doubleness that expresses itself in the blended good neighborliness and cruelty of the community’s action. Evans, 112) Jackson weaves seasonal and life-death cycle archetypes, which coincide with vegetation rituals, into the story. The lottery takes place every year when the nature cycle peaks in midsummer, a time usually associated with cheerfulness. The villagers of a small town gather together in the square on June 27, a beautiful day, for the town lottery. In other towns, the lott ery takes longer, but there are only 300 people in this village, so the lottery takes only two hours. Village children, who have just finished school for the summer, run around collecting stones. They put the stones in their pockets and make a pile in the square. Men gather next, followed by the women. Parents call their children over, and families stand together. Mr. Summers, a jovial man, who conducts the lottery ceremony, sets the tone of the event with both his name and his mannerisms. But lurking behind him, Mr. Graves quietly assists, his name hinting at a dark undertone. The picnic type atmosphere betrays the serious consequence of the lottery, for like the seed, a sacrificial person must also be buried to bring forth life. Jackson creates balance by assembling Mr. Summers and Mr. Graves to share in the responsibilities of the ritual: Life brings death, and death recycles life. At one point in the village’s history, the lottery represented a grave experience, and all who participated understood the profound meaning of the tradition. But as time passed, the villagers began to take the ritual lightly. They endure it almost as automatons–â€Å"actors† anxious to return to their mundane, workaday lives. Old Man Warner, the only one who seems to recall the seriousness of the occasion, complains that Mr. Summers jokes with everybody. But, even if one does not understand the meaning, the experience provides the individual a place and a meaning in the life of the generations. Because there has â€Å"always been a lottery† (Jackson 216), the villagers feel compelled to continue this horrifying tradition. They do focus, however, on its gruesome rather than its symbolic nature for they still remembered to use stones even after they have forgotten the ritual and lost the original black box (Jackson 218). The reader may conclude that humanity’s inclination toward violence overshadows society’s need for civilized traditions. Mr. Summers asks whether anyone is absent, and the crowd responds that Dunbar isn’t there. Mr. Summers asks who will draw for Dunbar, and Mrs. Dunbar says she will because she doesn’t have a son who’s old enough to do it for her. Mr. Summers asks whether the Watson boy will draw, and he answers that he will. Mr. Summers then asks to make sure that Old Man Warner is there too. Mr. Summers reminds everyone about the lottery’s rules: he’ll read names, and the family heads come up and draw a slip of paper. No one should look at the paper until everyone has drawn. He calls all the names, greeting each person as they come up to draw a paper. Mr. Adams tells Old Man Warner that people in the north village might stop the lottery; he says that giving up the lottery could lead to a return to living in caves. Mrs. Adams says the lottery has already been given up in other villages, and Old Man Warner says that’s â€Å"nothing but trouble. † (Jackson, 216). The shock value of the long process and all the moments’ one character or another could have realized the nonsense of the ritual and spoke up. When Mr. Summers finishes calling names, and everyone opens his or her papers. Word quickly gets around that Bill Hutchinson has â€Å"got it. Tessie argues that it wasn’t fair because Bill didn’t have enough time to select a paper. Mr. Summers asks whether there are any other households in the Hutchinson family, and Bill says no, because his married daughter draws with her husband’s family. Mr. Summers asks how many kids Bill has, and he answers that he has three. Tess’s eagerness to see the lottery through is only paralleled by her desperation to get out of it once it turns out to be her turn. She goes so far as to try to substitute her daughter and son-in-law for herself, yelling, â€Å"There’s Don and Eva†¦ Make them take their chance! Her extreme moral compromise, as she tries to offer up her daughter for the slaughter instead of herself, underlines that this ritual has nothing to do with virtuous martyrdom; Tess is no saint. Her murder is exactly that: a vicious, group killing of a frightened, antiheroic woman. Tessie protests again that the lottery wasn’t fair. Mr. Graves dumps the papers out of the box onto the ground and then puts five papers in for the Hutchinsons. As Mr. Summers calls their names, each member of the family comes up and draws a paper. When they open their slips, they find that Tessie has drawn the paper with the black dot on it. Mr. Summers instructs everyone to hurry up. The villagers grab stones and run toward Tessie, who stands in a clearing in the middle of the crowd. Tessie says it’s not fair and is hit in the head with a stone. Everyone begins throwing stones at her, as even her own children. â€Å"Tessie may be selfish in her reaction, but her claim that the lottery is not fair may still be true. Whereas the common villagers are described as â€Å"taking† their slips, the businessmen â€Å"select† theirs—a subtle implication that the results have been rigged† (Evans, 112-113) Therefore, the base actions exhibited in groups (such as the stoning of Mrs. Hutchinson) do not take place on the individual level, for here such action would be deemed â€Å"murder. † On the group level people classify their heinous act simply as â€Å"ritual. † When Mrs. Hutchinson arrives at the ceremony late, flustered because she had forgotten that today was the day of the lottery. She chats sociably with Mrs. Delacroix. Nevertheless, after Mrs. Hutchinson falls victim to the lottery selection, Mrs. Delacroix chooses a â€Å"stone so large† that she must pick it up with both hands (Jackson 218). Whereas, on the individual level, the two women regard each other as friends, on the group level, they betray that relationship, satiating the mob mentality. The people of the town are caught up in the ritual to such an extent that they have given up any sense of logic. Mob psychology rules their actions. Though they appear to be sane, sensible individuals, when the time of the lottery comes, they abandon their rational nature and revert to the instincts of the herd. This psychological phenomenon is characteristic of humans throughout history. Although Jackson portrays it in its extreme form in this story, the idea that men and women in groups are willing to forgo personal responsibility and act with great cruelty toward others is evidenced in actions such as lynch mobs, racial confrontations, and similar incidents. â€Å"The willingness of people to act irrationally as members of the herd displays aspects that, while unpleasant, are still integral parts of their nature that they must recognize, if they are to keep them in check. † (Mazzeno) A first-time reader of â€Å"The Lottery† often finds the ending a surprise. The festive nature of the gathering and the camaraderie of the townspeople as the lottery is conducted belie the horror that occurs at the conclusion of the tale, is one of the tale’s strongest points. Another strength, however, is â€Å"the skillful way in which Jackson prepares the careful reader for the denouement by including key details so that, on a second reading, one is assured that there is no trick being played on the reader. † (Mazzeno) In comparison to the heavily symbolic figures of Mr. Graves (Death), Mr. Summers (Progress), or Old Man Warner (Tradition), Tess is resolutely anti-symbolic. She’s a woman in an apron with soapsuds on her hands, who cracks jokes and wants to join in her community – but, it turns out, they don’t want her back. She’s the sacrificial lamb for that year, an outsider that the village then violently excludes. Although civilized people may no longer hold lotteries, Jackson’s story illustrates that society’s tendency toward violence and its tendency to hold onto tradition, yet even meaningless, base tradition, reveal our need for both ritual and belonging. Work Cited Evans, Robert C. â€Å"The Lottery. † Short Fiction: A Critical Companion (1997): 112-119. Literary Reference Center. Web. 6 Aug. 2012. Hall, Joan Wylie. â€Å"Shirley Jackson (1916-1965). † Columbia Companion To The Twentieth- Century American Short Story (2000): 310-314. Literary Reference Center. Web. 6 Aug. 2012. Jackson, Shirley. â€Å"The Lottery†. Drama, and Writing Compact sixth ed. New York: Pearson Longman, 2011. 213-218. Print Mazzeno, Laurence W. â€Å"The Lottery. † Masterplots II: Short Story Series, Revised Edition (2004): 1-2. Literary Reference Center. Web. 6 Aug. 2012. Yarmove, Jay A. â€Å"Jackson’s The Lottery. † Explicator 52. 4 (1994): 242. Literary Reference Center. Web. 6 Aug. 2012. How to cite The Lottery, Papers The lottery Free Essays The Lottery Research Paper Shirley Jackson was a devoted mother and writer. Jackson didn’t fit in well in North Bennington, and the town likely served as the setting for the New England town portrayed in â€Å"The Lottery. † â€Å"The Lottery’ caused outrage and controversy when it appeared in the New Yorker in 1948, but many critics now consider it to be Jackson’s most famous work. We will write a custom essay sample on The lottery or any similar topic only for you Order Now Jackson was sometimes thought to be a witch because of her interested in witchcraft and black magic. Almost all of Jackson’s work is reflects horror, hauntings, witchcraft, or psychological unease. She also struggled with both mental and physical illnesses as an adult. Unlike other writers, she found the writing process pleasurable. â€Å"The Lottery’ starts off in a town on a normal day with children going around and collecting rocks. The men of the households are called forward to a wooden box to draw slips of paper. When one of the men sees that he has the black dot on his slip, his wife immediately starts to argue with how the drawing wasn’t fair. The family is brought to the stage where they are to draw their slips of paper. Tess (Mrs. Hutchinson) draws the paper with the black dot and is taken to the center of the town where the town’s people take their stones that the children collected earlier hat day. As the villagers close in to primarily take Tess’s life, all you can hear are her terrified shrilling screams. Shirley Jackson in her work â€Å"The Lottery’ reveals the corrosive factors that result in our blind acceptance of morally questionable traditions that cause social paralysis. â€Å"The Lottery’ starts off as a normal day in the village â€Å"it was clear and sunny with the fresh warmth of a full-summer day’ Oackson 1). This is ironic because it starts off with this allusion of an enjoyable day but really by the end they end up killing one of their own villagers. Jackson does this to create a less serious atmosphere and reflect he attitudes of the community. Instantly, the boys are collecting rocks used to kill the lottery winner at the end of the story. This is an annual thing that the kids do because they have been raised and taught to do so. Because the kids are gradually and systematically exposed to these series of provoking objects and situations, they have become familiar with their actions making it an annual â€Å"game† for the kids (Linz 1). It has become a â€Å"game† for the kids because in the story it states that, â€Å"they gather together quietly for a while before they broke out into boisterous play’ and that they find the smoothest and roundest rocks to stuff in their pockets. † Because the kids are repeatedly exposed to this violence it diminishes the negative affect that was once upon them. They can no longer see it as wrong or feel remorse. They blindly accept this task thats given to them every year and don’t question it. The constant exposure to violence results in less physiological reactivity to other violent actions going on around them (Linz 1). The killing of the villagers is the violence going on. Collecting stones has become a ritual that they believe is right, because it is what they have been raised to do, even though it is wrong. They are Just kids and haven’t been taught that it is morally wrong to be killing friends and family. An example is at the end of the story when Mrs. Hutchinson’s son was handed a few pebbles to throw at his own mother and didn’t hesitate. When they are repeatedly exposed to violence 2). â€Å"Both beamed and laughed Oackson 6). This shows how they still find Joy in the situation even though they are about to kill a member of their family. The story goes on to talk about the families that are attending this so called lottery. The women are described as â€Å"housewives that gossip† Oackson 1) and aren’t as authoritative as the men. While the boys are all collecting the stones, the women are â€Å"standing aside talking among themselves. † In the story â€Å"the women began to call their children, and the children came reluctantly, having called four or five times. † When their father calls to them â€Å"they came quickly’ Oackson 1). It is as if their mothers hadn’t even said anything. This shows how the men are portrayed as the head of the house and they women more as Just the â€Å"housekeeper. † Their voices are not heard in this part of the story and neither at the end when Mrs. Hutchinson claims that, â€Å"It wasn’t fair† and no one does anything about it but continues with the est of the lottery. Women have been known to rarely work outside the house and live their lives caring for their husbands and children while taking care of their home. Most males are prevailed as the dominant gender. The women are seen on a lower status (Gender Prejudice 1). The lottery seems to be run mostly by the men of the town. They are the ones that are in charge of the black box and most of the ceremony. In the story the women are more resistant to the lottery while the men are the ones in control of it. This results in social paralysis of the town because no one wants to change how the lottery is run or who it’s run by. When its time for the drawing, Mr. Dunbar is unable to draw so because he and his wife don’t have kids the â€Å"Wife draws for the husband† Oackson 3). This all goes back to the role of the men and women in the village. The women are to produce many children so that it gives their family a better chance of surviving if their spouse is chosen in the first round (Oehlschlaeger 1). Men are the ones that go out and prevail in the business world while their wives stay home all day. When Mrs. Hutchinson arrives late she makes the statement that she â€Å"Thought my old man was out back stacking wood† and that she Wouldn’t have me leave m’dishes in the sink Oackson 2),† implying that her husband was doing the hard labor out in the yard while she was inside doing dishes. They mention that most of the ritual has been forgotten over the years. â€Å"The original paraphernalia for the lottery had been lost long ago Oackson 1). It has become a habit that no one wants to stop. The lottery has become a social paralysis over time, not allowing anyone to step up and want to change or stop what the lottery is doing to their village. No one questions why they still do it and no one even really knows why they do it in the first place. It has lost its significance over the years and become a yearly act that no one has tried to stop. They don’t want to make a new box because â€Å"No one wanted to upset even as much tradition as was represented by the black box Oackson 1). Tradition is a belief that has been passes down from generations, Just like in â€Å"The Lottery. † Traditions are passes on to gain that sense of continuity and bonding through each other. They are supposed to create that special connection between the families and in this case the town. That’s not what it does though, No one knows the significants of the lottery anymore and no one questions ither. Old Man Warner says, â€Å"Pack of crazy fools† to the people that want to give up the lottery. They think that breaking this time-honored tradition would result in them (Tradition 1), such as drawing the paper from the box and having the men draw first then the family. Even though â€Å"So much of the ritual had been forgotten or discarded Oackson 2),† they still keep that cultural sense to it. The reverence regularly provided in tradition indicates that people follow it willingly even if they don’t know why. â€Å"The people had done it so many times that they only half listened to the directions. † People follow tradition unconsciously because it’s what they are taught to do. This is their blind acceptance of the lottery and social paralysis of not wanting to change what they have continued to do for numerous years. Traditions are invoked to preserve the sanctity of the past family rituals. Societies keep traditions for social connectedness and memories (Tradition 3). Throughout the story, â€Å"The Lottery,† Shirley Jackson uses harsh examples of how the village blindly accepts their morally questionable traditions resulting in social paralysis. They don’t want to change anything about the lottery even though most of he significance has been lost over the years. There is evidence throughout the story that shows how the people blindly accept what they are doing to their town and do it without question. This all demonstrates how society never changes or grows resulting in the social paralysis of the story. Their is social paralysis going on all around the world. Even in Pakistan there are people refusing to act upon the issue of suicide happening at large rates ( Poverty and Social Paralysis. ) The lottery is Just an example of how some societies refuse to change even though what they are doing needs to or should be stopped. How to cite The lottery, Papers The Lottery Free Essays The Lottery Conformity or Pure Selfishness â€Å"The opposite for courage is not cowardice, it is conformity. Even a dead fish can go with the flow†-Jim Hightower. Have you ever been in a situation to where you know a person or a group is doing something wrong, but you choose not to do anything about it? Have you ever done something wrong for so long that it suddenly became a lifestyle for you? Jackson’s story, â€Å"The Lottery†, when it comes to being in the wrong or not speaking up, reminds me of many situations that I have been in or situations that I have witnessed. We will write a custom essay sample on The Lottery or any similar topic only for you Order Now Jackson tries to create multiple thoughts that could go through the readers’ mind. You could think, maybe this event has been around for so long, that it seems normal to the community. You could also think that everyone knows it’s wrong, but is afraid to speak up. In the beginning of the paragraph, I put in a quote about conformity. The quote is saying conformity is a result of a cowardly act. Going with the flow of society when you know it’s wrong is just as bad as not existing in society. â€Å"The Lottery† to me is a selfish act by the society. The beginning of â€Å"The Lottery†, Jackson starts out the story by explaining the scenery. She explains where the town is gathering and continues to explain what the people are doing for the lottery draw. She draws you in from the beginning because as you’re reading, the story automatically starts out with a setting and the town taking action for the lottery draw. At this point, the readers don’t know what the purpose for the lottery draw is. Jackson comes in on the first page saying, â€Å"They stood together, away from the pile of stones in the corner, and their jokes were quiet and they smiled rather than laughed†(Jackson 1). In the beginning, readers wonder what the stones are for and why they are relevant to the story. I think that is how she really captured the readers, by giving details about the lottery draw and not explaining what it was from the beginning. She gradually leads us to the end of the story when she’s talking about the whole town gathering the stones, and on the very last page, it explains what that the stones are the weapons for the person of the draw. In â€Å"The Lottery†, I couldn’t help to think of the movie â€Å"The Hunger Games†. In the movie â€Å"The Hunger Games†, each district sacrifices a human to fight for their community. They are very similar but very different stories. To me, this story is about the town sacrificing a human every year for the rest of the town to survive. â€Å"Next thing you know, they’ll be wanting to go back to living in caves, nobody work anymore, live that way for a while. Used to be a saying about ‘Lottery in June, corn be heavy soon’†(Jackson 5). The town never realized they were in the wrong and to them; this was a normal thing to do. Having the lottery draw every year was a way for the town to survive. â€Å"The lottery was conducted–as were the square dances, the teen club, the Halloween program†¦Ã¢â‚¬ (Jackson 1). They treated this event as if it were a community tradition. The only one in the story who took a stand was, Mrs. Hutchinson, the one who was chosen from the lottery draw. Jackson makes the people in this town look selfish, in a way. In the beginning of the story, Mrs. Hutchinson was actually late to the lottery draw. She stood there confidently and started to make jokes about the draw. Once her name was called, she shouted that the drawings are not fair and that we shouldn’t even have a lottery anymore. I think that was a big part in the story. That scene in the story made the readers realize that in this town, people are only looking out for themselves. They will not stand up for something that is wrong, or they will not go out of there way to do what is right unless its to save themselves. Years ago, back in my high school days, I was in a situation where I just sat back and watched something happen, when in the beginning I knew it was wrong. It was in the middle of our Homecoming week, and during that week the senior girls and the junior girls have a Powderpuff game. During that entire week, the seniors and juniors pull little pranks on each other, for example; toilet papering their houses and making funny chants to each other. My senior year, the entire group of girls decided to do something really mean to one of the girls in the junior class that they didn’t like. Most of us girls thought this was normal for homecoming weekend, because there have been girls in the past who have done much worse. Our senior girls printed off pictures of this girl and put her face and her body all over the school. At the time, I just stood there and watched in worry. I knew it wasn’t right from the beginning, but I never did anything to stop it because all of my friends were going along it. The townspeople in â€Å"The Lottery† just went along with the stoning like it was okay, even though in their minds, they had a feeling it wasn’t okay. In this situation, I was considered a townsperson. I went along with it, knowing it was wrong. In the end, I think her argument in the story is that she is trying to make us think about our lives now. She wants to know what would we do if this were how society acted now. Would you be a townsperson, or a stone thrower? Would you sacrifice another human to save yourself? â€Å"The Lottery†, for me, was a reminder that I need to stand up for what is right and I shouldn’t just follow the crowd. Jackson, S. (1948, June 26). American literature. Retrieved from http://www. americanliterature. com/author/shirley-jackson/short-story/the-lottery How to cite The Lottery, Papers

Monday, April 27, 2020

Maria Full of Grace Essay Example

Maria Full of Grace Paper Muted group theory illustrates how a group can acquire power and use it to it to dominate culture. It specifically refers to the gender roles created by society and can also be used to examine cross-cultural case studies. Its name describes how a group in power can manipulate language and communication practices specific to its culture in order to silence the members not included in the dominant group. Maria Full of Grace is an exposi of the complexities surrounding womens involvement in drug trafficking and becoming a woman in a male dominated society. In the movie there are many examples of communication that are impeded because of womens current role in society. The movie opens with its title character, Maria Alvarez , a 17-year-old Colombian, making out her boyfriend, Juan. Juan is completely involved in the moment and hinting that he wants to further accelerate the situation, and he even doesnt notice her indifference to his affection. He attempts to get her to agree to let them go back to her house, but she wants to climb on top of the roof. She emasculates Juan by teasing him and he gets irritated and walks away. Instead of complying with Juans wish to go back to her house, Maria responded by taking control of the situation (especially notable because of its sexual nature) and said, See how you treat me? Youre a drag. Because she attempts to step outside of the expectation that she will fulfill the needs of her lover, she is punished by him walking off and leaving her on the roof by herself. In the next scene, Maria is being mistreated by her male supervisor. We will write a custom essay sample on Maria Full of Grace specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Maria Full of Grace specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Maria Full of Grace specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer He refuses to let her go to the restroom even though she feels nauseated, and then proceeds to demand she clean the mess off the roses after she vomits on them. It is implied Maria takes this kind of abuse on a regular basis. When she next sees her mother and sister, at the local pharmacy, she informs them she quit her job at the factory. They are alarmed and ask when and why this happened. This is sparked by argument over money. It is cultural practice for a Colombian family to all chip in and help out with money, even if it is not equally contributed to. Marias nephew, Pacho, is sick and needs medicine. Diana and her mother tell her she is selfish and should be able to deal with her employment issues for the benefit of the family. They ask her to go back, but Maria refuses, saying she will find other work. This is an example of a socially constructed expectation that works in opposition of womens rights. Maria is being harassed by her employer; this should be handled immediately by reporting him to a company employee in charge of human resources. Instead, she sees the only way to stop it is to quit. Because her word would most likely not be taken seriously, she takes the blame instead of demanding action. This form of oppression is a form of muting an individual because of her gender. Not only does she give up her job, but she is chastised by her own family for not thinking of them first. It is conventional for Hispanic families to function together, even at the expense of a womans happiness. Maria is working to take care of her nephew who has no father in sight. Actually, there are no males besides Pacho in the household that are ever mentioned; this leaves only Maria to provide income. Later in the movie, Maria tells Juan she is pregnant, but she does not want to get married. He contends he must live with her, because society wont accept a guy living in his girlfriends house. Again, Maria departs from the norm by rejecting the necessity of marriage because of a pregnancy. She even goes further to reject the notion of marriage without love. Maria is comfortable with her independence, even as a single mother-a concept foreign to most women in her position. Muted group theory is also applicable in this film because it deals with cultural issues. Women often jeopardize their freedom and lives by agreeing to serve as drug mules or couriers to smuggle illegal drugs into another country. Maria is in desperate need of a job because she is obligated to care for her mother, sister, and nephew. She meets Franklin, who at first seemed very innocent, and he mentions a way she could make money if she would take the chance. Franklin delivers her to Javier, the head of this particular drug cartel in Bogat. He explains the arrangements, but not without offering a charitable donation so she could get her affairs in order. The direction and quality of her life is no longer in her hands; it is in those of the men in authority positions in her life. Even when she is in the United States, her fate is determined by Don Fernando (the Colombian travel agent who offers help to her and Blanca) and the male drug dealers who hold Maria, Blanca, and Lucy captive. Don Fernando chose not to turn them into the police, but he did betray the women by telling Carla about Lucys death and its surrounding circumstances. The drug dealers killed Lucy for the heroin in her body; they had no regard for the life that possessed it. If Maria would have fallen ill, she would have suffered the same outcome. Even after her and Bianca escaped, the men had the ability to harm their families in Colombia. Once they returned to give the dealers their pellets, their own lives were once again endangered. They were fortunate to not be killed, much less receive their payment, but it was not without verbal and physical abuse. Each of the trials Maria faces is caused by a social norm that demands womens subordination to men in different areas of her life. Every aspect of her life was affected by this form of inequality: her sexual relations, her relationship with her boyfriend and family, her employment, her welfare, and her basic right to life. Maria Full of Grace is a paradigm for feature films that illuminate the delicate issues that instigate womens involvement in such reprehensible a exploit as drug trafficking.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Effects of glucosamine and chondoitin Essay Example

Effects of glucosamine and chondoitin Essay Example Effects of glucosamine and chondoitin Essay Effects of glucosamine and chondoitin Essay The subject this thesis will be concentrating on are the effects of glucosamine and chondoitin have on the assorted diseases of arthritis. To clear up, Glucosamine can both be found within the organic structure and developed in labs in the signifier of a pill or as an injection. Current patients who have been diagnosed with degenerative arthritis and have been prescribed to glucosamine hold been sing a decrease of hurting, betterment of physical map, and small to no side effects that Graedon A ; Graedon ( 2002 ) province. My field of survey is nutritionary scientific disciplines, arthritis can be said that you obtain is from how you live your life style. Researcher s province that you are what you eat in the sense that if you eat unhealthy and unrecorded unhealthy so you become unhealthy therefore ensuing in arthritis. My secondary field of survey would be nutrition for glucosamine and chondoitin are natural and laboratory adult substances and arthritis is derived from hapless nutrition from the human organic structure. I am presently in the procedure of detecting new information covering with the disease of arthritis. Arthritis is the term used to depict about 100 different diseases that cause redness within the human organic structure normally happening around the articulations of articulatio genuss, weaponries, fingers, and in connective tissues. Besides arthritis can be found as a symptom doing devolution of tissue in the organic structure. Arthritis is defined as joint redness which is inaccurate due to the fact that arthritis can besides spur the cause of doing connective tissue diseases. Today, arthritis is a disease normally found in Americans. Studies that have been conducted show that for every seven Americans, one is diagnosed with some signifier of arthritis. Within this group of people besides include people who are physically inactive, fleshy, and corpulent. Fleshiness is now a turning concern with America and their health care since arthritis is one consequence that consequences from being overweight or corpulent. McCarty ( 2005 ) has observed that symptoms expressed by arthritis from people are swelling, inflammation, and hurting. Doctors that do microscopic scrutinies on these connective tissues can demo that the redness is clearly an immune reaction. The ground is that this is the human organic structure s manner of supplying a defence against occupying micro-organisms. The most common disease that can be found in pre-teens, teens, immature grownups such as myself are infective arthritis disease. Infection in a joint is normally caused by bacteriums or other micro-organisms that surround and invade a articulation from its blood vass. Within hours or a few yearss the joint, normally the articulatio genus or cubitus, becomes inflamed. This is because there there is an unnatural accretion of synovial, or joint, fluid, which in tight quarters may incorporate a big sum of white blood cells. Harmonizing to Harmonizing to Towheed, Anastassiades, Shea, Houpt, Welch, Houchburg, A ; Wells ( 2005 ) rheumatoid Arthritis carries on the symptoms of redness of the connective tissues, but the cause is unknown which can be a topic to look into for this thesis. The major disablement produced by rheumatoid arthritis has prompted a worldwide research surveies that devoted to happening the cause of arthritic arthritis and possibly in the close hereafter the remedy for it every bit good as a remedy for the assorted other signifiers of arthritis. In arthritic arthritis, membranes, or interior liners of the joint capsules become inflamed. The synovial mass which is a syrupy fluid that isfound in the pits ofsynovial articulations becomes proliferated and thereby destroys gristle, bone, and next constructions. The inflammatory procedure continues forth and can shortly affect other tissues in the country such as blood vass, tegument, nervousnesss, musculuss, bosom, and lungs. The consequence is painful articulations, loss of mobility, and generalized tenderness and depression. Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease that is found apparent in adult females runing between the ages of 20 and 60. Laboratory surveies of the blood may uncover the presence of arthritic factors, proteins produced by the immune system in response to the arthritic procedure. Although arthritic arthritis may turn out to be infective, it is non a conventional contagious disease. Balch ( 2006 ) personally says that the most common signifier of arthritis is osteoarthritis which affects virtually all older grownups to one grade or another. It can disorient a individual s life style wholly due to the symptoms that affect mundane activities. The destructive procedure by degenerative arthritis consequences in restricted mobility of the hip articulations and disenabling hurting, and major surgery may be required in the most utmost instances. The destroyed tissue is removed and replaced by a new articulation made of plastic, an operation that is normally dramatically effectual. Degenerative procedures affect the ligaments and intervertebral discs of the spinal column. If a disc slips out, the syndrome of herniated disc may result. This is common in middle-aged work forces. Unless the symptoms settle with remainder and anodynes, the disc may necessitate to be surgically removed. The most common countries where devolution occurs is on weight-bearing articulations and articulations capable to trauma. Joints damaged by other signifiers of arthritis are prone to later degenerative joint disease. Possible methods of handling arthritis may be to hold regular medical examinations, physical test, and research lab trials which seem to be an impractical solution since many people would non hold the support for this sort of attention. Infectious arthritis normally responds to allow antibiotics. The noninfectious inflammatory diseases are treated with drugs that suppress redness. Many of these drugs, for illustration, acetylsalicylic acid, Indocin, and isobutylphenyl propionic acid, appear to sooth redness. Although certain steroids are powerful inhibitors of redness William and Kelley ( 1996 ) , toxic side effects limit their utility. Similarly, drugs that inhibit the genteelness of cells in the inflammatory multitudes have potentially terrible side effects. Many of these drugs call upon unwanted secondary side effects. Research workers have been analyzing the usage of drugs that act on the nervous system. Glucosamine seems to hold the brightest solution of being the a natural drug that may assist battle devolution caused by arthritis. Glucosamine is a natural compound that is found in healthy gristle but may be produced in labs every bit good. There has been assuring grounds from antecedently conducted tests that use glucosamine sulphate in the intervention for degenerative arthritis. The country where glucosamine sulphate seems to be most effectual is in the country of one s articulatio genuss. Glucosamine shows marks of hope for it can supply clinical benefit in the synovial fluid by beef uping gristle and helping glycosaminoglycan synthesis. If this hypothesis is confirmed to be true, it would intend that merely the glucosamine sulphate signifier is effectual and non-sulfated glucosamine signifiers such as the antibiotics that help stamp down redness in joint tissue are rendered non effectual. This is a country where more research and clinical tests can be conducted. I have been looking into the research of possible usage of patients taking glucosamine al ongside anti-inflammatory agents to assist battle of the symptoms expressed by degenerative arthritis and with future hopes of stamp downing symptoms caused by other signifiers of arthritis. I would wish to happen the most practical solution of ways to battle the consequence that arthritis has on a individual s mundane activities. What procedures patients should take before the clip that arthritis is most normally seen arrives. Possible methods of proving the method antecedently stated above, is to hold randomized controlled tests to carry on the research. For illustration, there can be a group of patients that are indiscriminately allocated to one intercession or another where so the patients are so split into two separate groups, one being the control group. Another possible method is to hold test groups where topics will be split into two or three different groups. These groups will be taking a different combinations of drugs such as one group taking drug tens, while another is taking drug Y, and eventually the last group could be taking a combination of the two drugs and analysing the consequences. Although old surveies have been conducted on arthritis, I have been looking for a specific new country where research workers have non yet exploited. This makes it really original but at the same clip can take to some concerns. Because this field is still has many Fieldss unexplored due to the measure of size with the instance of arthritis bing in over 100 different signifiers, there may be the job of extinguishing many countries of involvement and singling it down to a few specific countries to research. Another concern of this thesis is the clip required to garner plenty informations to do a valid decision because most of the information collection will be done during the summer clip when the pupil is out of school. Finding a wise man who is presently carry oning a survey similar to mine should supply a small fuss since no current research worker within my life country has been carry oning such research. The last concern of this thesis is that this survey requires careful and punct ilious observation and although other facets of this thesis are exciting to the pupil, this is the one portion of the thesis that will necessitate a batch of clip and concentration. Mentions Graedon, J, A ; Graedon, T ( 2002 ) .The people s pharmaceutics usher to place and herbal redresss. New York, NY: St Martin s Paperbacks. Balch, P. A. ( 2006 ) .Prescriotion for nutritionary healing, 4th edition. New York, NY: Avery Trade. Towheed T, Maxwell L, Anastassiades TP, Shea B, Houpt JB, Welch V, Hochberg MC, Wells GA. Glucosamine therapy for handling osteoarthritis.Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews2005, Issue 2. Art. San Francisco, CA: The Cochrane Collaboration William, N A ; Kelley, C ( 1996 ) . Understanding Arthritis. New York, NY: St. Martin s Press. McCarty, F. D. ( 2005 ) . Textbook of Rheumatology, 2nd edition. San Francisco, CA: Rheumatology Printing Company.

Monday, March 2, 2020

How is the SAT different from a high school test

How is the SAT different from a high school test SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips Obviously, the main differences between the SAT and the classroom test is that the SAT is much longer and much more important. In order to understand the more subtle differences between high school assessment and the SAT, we’re going to look at the inherent differences between theclassroom and the SAT test room. The Classroom The test maker: The person who makes your test is the person responsible for teaching and assigning all the material covered in the class. If the teacher is concerned about students listening, he or she might include questions specifically from lectures. Likewise, if the reading is especially challenging, a test might include a question from some of the harder parts that will stump many students. The bottom line, however, is that the teacher is in complete control of the coursework, the classroom, making the test and scoring it. The test length: Most class periods are an hour long, and many students’ attention spans are much shorter. Thus, the high school test tends to be an hour long or less, and this makes it much easier than the SAT. The test content: This is where the high school test differs most greatly from any standardized test. The high school teacher is in total control of both the curriculum and the test, as well as answering students’ questions about gaps between the two after grading. This centralized control allows for any mistakes to be corrected after the test is given, as well as for the material to coincide perfectly with what’s been taught. The SAT The test maker: The authors of the SAT have the huge job of trying to summarize all necessary college skills and content in a 4-hour test. More limiting, though, is the need for the test to remain as fair and consistent as possible. So while a teacher can just omit questions that weren’t covered in class, the SAT must ask about the exact same skills in every test until it announces a redesign that will give all students a fair chance at mastering the new test. The test length: The SAT is trying to test every aspect of academic college readiness, so it’s a long test. Duh. Even with breaks, sitting at a desk for that long is difficult and stressful for most students. Fortunately, practice can help with this discomfort as well as running out of time on specific sections, but the length remains an obstacle for many on the SAT. The test content: The SAT claims to test a stable set of skills and content that indicate students’ readiness for college academics. This means that the same types of questions show up year after year, testing the same material, regardless of the progress made by individual classes, schools, districts, counties, or even states. If your state’s overall grades and statewide testing scores drop one year, the SAT will be the same. This creates gaps in knowledge for many students, especially at schools in low-income districts, where limited resources make effective learning for every student especially difficult. The Biggest Difference: Format and Preparation The content challenge has also led the SAT to a quite odd question format, in an attempt to eliminate any possible technicalities that might make the test unfair. At PrepScholar, our hundreds of hours of examining the test has made clear very specific standards that the SAT always follows to be completely precise and correct every time, from using the word â€Å"mostly† and â€Å"primarily† a lot to including complex instructions at the start of every section. Thus, while your teacher can explain his or her test questions’ format (and they are unlikely to change over the tests you take in the course), in the SAT you’ve got one chance, and they have to cram all that extra info into the test itself. And if you’ve got questions about it on test day, tough luck. If you found this article useful, please consider joining our email list at right. Your information will never be shared or sold. Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Tweet Laura Registrato About the Author Laura has over a decade of teaching experience at leading universities and scored a perfect score on the SAT. Get Free Guides to Boost Your SAT/ACT Get FREE EXCLUSIVE insider tips on how to ACE THE SAT/ACT. 100% Privacy. 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Saturday, February 15, 2020

Components of metaphors Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Components of metaphors - Essay Example Using our example above, the eagle is the topic of the metaphor. Vehicle: This refers to both the expression and concepts that are called upon by the words i.e. the term that is being used metaphorically or non-literally. Using our example above, the lion is the vehicle of the metaphor. Grounds: This refers to the relationship between the topic and the vehicle. There is a relationship between the lion and the eagle. This is in relation to the strength of the lion and the tenacity of the eagle which is being used as the ground that supports this metaphor. The tenacity of an eagle is being equated to the strength of the lion. b) Explain the claim that metaphor is found in most writing very frequently. Illustrate with examples taken from the attached text about Jack Ashley (Appendix A). The metaphor is a powerful language tool as well as being a quite complex one too. Metaphors are powerful tools to give ideas to people that they will always remember. This is one of the reasons why the metaphor is found in writing very frequently. Metaphors are also great tools of imagery. Imagery refers to the method whereby a writer would utilise words that paint pictures of scenes and characters in the minds of their readers. In this age of expanded imagination, writers have had to adopt metaphorical writing to enable the reader to actually experience the scene as well as the characters in the story. Metaphors are one of the effective tools in writing fiction. They give life to the normally dull prose thus their frequent use. With these features, it is very easy to see why the claim that metaphors are found in most writing very frequently is quite true. We have sought metaphorical examples from the Jack Ashley text as below: ‘If the media is a smug insiders club’: The metaphorical component of this metaphor refers to the media as the topic of discussion. The vehicle would be the insider’s club while the ground for this is equating the smugness of the insider ’s club to the current media characteristics. ‘Britain seems much more of a stitched-up country’: The metaphorical component of this metaphor refers to the Britain as the topic of discussion. The vehicle would be the stitched-up country while the ground for this is equating the characteristic of the new Britain to the perpetual collusions between the wealthiest and most powerful citizens. ‘Parliament starts to feel like a fig leaf for things as they are’: The metaphorical component of this metaphor refers to the parliament as the topic of discussion. The vehicle would be the fig leaf while the ground for this is equating the characteristic of parliament to the fig leaf. A fig leaf is construed as a devise intended to conceal something regarded as shameful therefore equating the parliament to it, means that without the backbenchers and strong journalism, parliament would be a shameful institution. B. Comment on the teaching implications. How could sui table materials be designed to enhance intermediate students’ ability to understand metaphorical language, to re-use metaphors they have seen before appropriately in new contexts, and to know about metaphor in general? You may refer to examples of effective or ineffective materials from existing EFL textbooks if you wish; if so please include a copy of the relevant section. Difficulties are encountered by